Baish Dam Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Instrumentation and monitoring of dams and reservoirs are important concerns in dam engineering. At each stage of investigation, planning, design, construction and operation in dam engineering, instrumentation and monitoring are required to monitor the behaviour of engineering points.

For the safety and normal operation of a dam, precise information is required from instrumentation and monitoring of dam’s body, the surrounding foundations and reservoir.

Different kinds of instrumentation and monitoring are required for the different types of dam.


Dam Body
  • Deformation
  • Displacement
  • Strain
  • Temperature
  • Tilt
  • Seepage
Dam concrete face
  • Tilt,
  • Deflection
Dam foundation
  • Uplift pressure
  • Displacement
  • Seepage
  • Tilt
Dam Contact Zone
  • Uplift pressure
Dam embankment core
  • Pore pressure
  • Settlement
  • Total earth pressure
  • Permeability
Dam abutments
  • Pore pressure,
  • Groundwater level
  • Displacement
Dam reservoir
  • Water level
Meteorological conditions
  • Wind
  • Temperature
  • Evaporation
  • Rainfall
  • Humidity
  • Solar radiation